Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have become the main cause of death in both developed and developing countries. The incidence of cardiovascular disease in developed countries has declined recently, partly because of improved knowledge on risk factors of CVDs which direct to preventive measure. On te other hand, developing countries still suffer from the double burden of both communicable and non-communicable diseases, especially cardiovascular disease.
Indonesian maternal mortality rate is still high. Poor nutritional status of women is considered one of the major factors which contribute to the existing high rates of maternal mortality. However, the nutritional issues of women themselves are rarely investigated.